A brief history of short films
Why did I choose short film? Because short films are the perfect start place for new filmmakers, is the place where you can develop your creative part and where you can develop all your technical skills, thing which can be done only by practice.
In order to have a clear understanding of the different types of film and their historical development I started to make some research. In the beginning all films were short, even if people were not aware of this concept; this was mainly because for the earliest cinema audiences was a miracle to witness man’s latest technology. But as the time passed, at the beginning of the 20th century, the technology started to become more and more developed and films started to become longer.
The short film from that period had usually only one shot and were portraying celebrities life, travelogues, affairs and day to day activities. One of the best movies from that period was: the Lumière brothers’ Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat (1895), which shocked the audiences.
In other words the first films made were representing types of media entertainment that were already in practice, such as: tableaux presentations, magic lanterns show, illustrations etc. From the beginning of 1900 many improvements were made in terms of technology, so the demands were to make longer and longer films. It was like a competition, and from here it began multi-reel films and the first features were born. Some of the most amazing short – long film of that period are: Georges Méliès’s A Trip to the Moon (1902), Ku Klux epic The Birth of a Nation (1915) and George Loane Tucker’s equally controversial Traffic in Souls (1913).
Even if the popularity of long featured film continued to raise, short films were not forgotten. They continued to be shown alongside, and more than that during the Second World war their popularity growth, after being used as governmental propaganda.
Nowadays things has changed. Short films are experiencing a massive success, because the audience sick a return to the old days, they sick for a innovative cinematic experience. A typical short film screening programme can cover 5 or 6 genres from several countries, so I think that this diversity s what makes people more excited about it. “As we experience rapid changes in the way that we choose to watch films, the profile of shorts will grow and grow. Future Shorts will continue to be at the leading edge of short film exposition.” – Fabien Riggall, founder of Future Shorts.
Here is my favourite short film that I’ve seen until now. I find it absolutely spectacular.